Felix Mittermeier, Bayerischer Wald
Felix Mittermeier, Bayerischer Wald

Germany's vegetation is influenced by the temperate zone and does not significantly differ from that of the nine neighboring countries. If one wants to introduce the nation's vegetation, he should take the forests into account since Germany is the best-wooded country in all of Europe. Some of the country's most known forests are the Bavarian Forest, the Thuringian Forest, and the Black Forest. They have been serving as a recreational room, at least since the Romantic era in the late 18th century, in which the merits of nature were highlighted. Forests cover a third of Germany's surface, and the forest area is increasing. Rhineland-Palatinate , Hesse, Saarland , Baden-Wuerttemberg and Bavaria have a surpassing amount of forests in Germany. Over 30 million tons of oxygen are produced each year by German woodlands. According to the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, spruce, pine, beech, and oak are the most frequent tree species in German forests. Other tree species are common beach, European larch, fir tree, lime tree, field maple, ash, and elm.


Coniferous forests are found in particular on higher altitudes of the Central German Uplands. Those forests are made up of spruces, pines, European larches and fir trees. The birch tree is the only tree species that also appears in coniferous forests.


Climate change is a severe issue in our time and age. That's why scientists and foresters are looking for tree species that can bind lots of carbon dioxide and are able to adapt to a changing atmosphere. (Source: Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture)