GERMANY >> GERMAN MUSIC >> GERMAN COMPOSERS
Germany is also the land of world-renowned composers whose works are timeless, and often people will recognize melodies but aren't able to match them to the right composers. This only shows the wide-ranging works of German artists and the musical value they brought to us. An excellent way to introduce German composers is to start with the so-called "three big B's." They stand for Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750), Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827), and Johannes Brahms (1833 - 1897). They produced numerous symphonies, piano works, and choral compositions. Bach's music was highly inspired by his Christian faith with musical interpretations of the Bible. His commitment to his faith was often shown by writing the initials I.N.J / N.J. (In the name of Jesus, or Nomine Jesu) on his sheet music. He wrote many church cantatas. A part of Ludwig van Beethoven's famous Symphonie No. 9 became the melody for the European Anthem (Ode to Joy).
Also, Johannes Brahm's compositions were often based on biblical texts such as his work "A German Requiem." If you have the German big B's in mind, you can already name three of the most prominent German composers. Johann Pachelbel (1653 - 1706) is most notably famous for his "Canon in D", a composition that led you to believe in an idyllic world. Felix Mendelssohn (1809 - 1847) and Richard Wagner (1813 - 1883) are two very different German composers who influenced the German musical canon. One was Hitler's favorite, and the other one was lucky that he had lived in the 19th century as well. Felix Mendelssohn's grandfather was a Jew. Even though Mendelssohn was born and raised as a Christian, he was considered an unfortunate contretemps of German music. One of his memorials was destroyed in a trumfish way, meaning getting attacked simply because of his background. However, his music compositions, such as his wedding march, remain masterworks among all other German works. Richard Wagner, however, is famous for his epic operas such as the Ring Cycle. Other great German composers were Robert Schumann, Richard Strauss, and George Handel.