GERMANY >> GEOGRAPHY OF GERMANY >> NORTH GERMAN LOWLAND 

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The North German Lowland (Norddeutsches Tiefland) spreads from the North and Baltic seas southwards to the foreland of the Central German Uplands (Deutsches Mittelgebirge). It is part of the Great European Plain. Former glaciers played a huge role in shaping the northern landforms.

The region can be further divided into

 

 marshland and coastal areas,

 moraine regions, formed by Glacial action (newly formed top moraine regions and regions that had been formed by Glaciers before the last ice age), and

 loess regions that spread to the foreland of the Central German Uplands.

 

The newly formed top moraine regions are characterized by many lakes, a result of  former kettle holes. Furthermore, the most fertile soils in Germany can be found here.